How To Start Toilet Training To Infants

Having a child is an amazing experience. We will continue to be learned for the rest of our lives. One of the most important lessons in childhood is how to teach them to urinate or defecate in the right place. Our success in teaching him today will have a major impact on his habit until adulthood. We can not carelessly teach kids to urinate or defecate. Everything needs to learn.

Here are tips that can make it easier for parents to train their children about toilet training.

1. Identify the sign
We can not force the child to urinate in the toilet suddenly. Identify the sign when the child feels to pass water. See the expression on his face, his gestures, or for a child who can speak, he will say to his father or mother. We can recognize the sign of a child who will dispose of his anxious attitude, or the child suddenly silent after a lot of activity. Surely it takes time for parents to get used to these signs.

2. Adequate age
Never force toilet training on children who are not old enough. It can cause an accident or even trauma to a child. The ideal age for starting toilet training is 8 months to 2 years. At this age the child is able to show his expression, even some can already talk.

3. Learn by doing
Do not hesitate to invite your child to see how you waste water. Certainly in a good way. You still have to cover areas that children should not see. You just need to invite him to the restroom and let him see how you do it. The child is an excellent imitator, so do it with caution. Until one day you will be surprised when they imitate all your ways.

4. Not forcing
Forcing the child to toilet training will only leave a trauma for the child. He will feel the time to relieve is a painful time. You have to be very patient in this. Let him do it when he feels ready.

5. Habituation
It is easy to recognize when it is time for the child to relieve himself. Usually 2-3 hours once he will urinate. So every 2-3 hours we used to take him to the toilet. Let him take out his urine on the toilet floor. Little by little he will understand exactly where he should urinate.

6. Reduce the use of diapers
Gradually reduce the use of diapers in children. Let him feel the wet sensation in his pants. When he is annoyed, that’s the right time for you to train him. Currently, on the market, many diapers are sold that are designed for toilet training. Anada can start to try it too.

7. Hear the opinions of others
Any clever we as a parent, experience is the champion. That’s why we need to hear feedback from our mothers, in-laws or friends who have had toilet training for their children for years.

Hopefully with our success in training children for training toilet will bring good effect for the health and character of our children in the future,

12 the wonder of colostrum

1. Colostrum is the first breast milk in the production of the breast during pregnancy. The body of pregnant women begins to produce colostrum at 3-4 months of gestation. But generally, the mothers do not realize they produce it except when the milk is leaking a little towards the end of pregnancy.
2. Colostrum is also the first milk out since the mother gave birth to the baby age 4-7 days. Can be a clear liquid, can also be golden yellow thick. The amount of colostrum is a little (150-300 cc per day) but great inability. This special milk is low in fat but high in carbohydrates and protein.
3. The composition of colostrum differs from breastmilk coming out on the 4th day of the 7th day to the 10th day of birth (transitional breastmilk), and also different from the milk that comes out after the 14th day (mature milk). Breast milk contains at least 100 ingredients that are not present in cow’s milk and can not be made in the laboratory.
4. Colostrum is rich in antibodies (body defense substances to fight foreign substances that enter the body) and immunoglobulin (immune substances to fight infectious diseases). Colostrum contains a large number of living cells, so colostrum can be considered the first natural vaccine that is 100% safe. Colostrum contains an antibody called secretory immunoglobulin A (SigA), which is a new substance for newborns.
When in the womb, the baby receives the benefit of another antibody called IgG, via the placenta. igG works through the baby’s circulatory system. However, SigA directly protects infants in areas where germs and infections are frequent, ie the mucous membranes of the throat, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract.
5. Colostrum contains immune body 10-17 times more than milk cooked. Functions include protecting the baby from diarrhea. Infants who were not breastfed would be likely to die from diarrhea 14.2 times higher than breastfed babies. It also decreases the likelihood of a baby getting ear infections, cough, runny nose, and allergies.
6. Colostrum also contains leukocytes (white blood cells) in high quantities, which can destroy bacteria and viruses that cause disease
7. Colostrum contains higher minerals especially potassium, sodium, and chloride. All three play a role in intestinal peristaltic movement (movement encourages food) and maintain fluid balance of cells.
8. Colostrum contains more fat-soluble vitamins and contains substances that can block the digestive tract hydrolyzing (decomposing) proteins. So the anti-infective substance that generally consists of protein is not damaged.
9. Colostrum is very easy to digest and is the perfect first food for babies. Therefore in the first days, it is advisable to breastfeed at least 9-12 times a day, more often better. This is so that babies get all the benefits of colostrum and also stimulate milk production. Frequent feedings will also help prevent spit up.
10. Colostrum has a laxative effect (urus-urus, laxative) that helps the baby remove meconium, the feces of early black-colored birth, and remove excess bilirubin so that the baby does not experience jaundice yellow.
11. Colostrum is produced when the baby’s body’s defense is the lowest. So to say, there is no replacement colostrum. Breastfeeding a baby with colostrum will provide a small antibody that is priceless, which helps the baby fight the disease in the first month of life.
12. If from the beginning the baby is fed colostrum, the mother’s breast will be stimulated to produce mature milk. The disease-fighting properties of breast milk do not diminish as colostrum tasks are completed. Because although breast milk is more dilute and antibody content decreases, the baby will balance it by sucking more milk.

Overcoming diaper rash in baby


Last week I took baby fa to the mall. Due to feeling bored silence at home continues, while the holiday is still long.

This is the first time baby fa go to the mall without father and sister. Before leaving I prepared all his belongings. Although a little nervous, I feel very happy. By using a casual shirt, I was holding baby fa and I did not bring a stroller. she enthusiastically once i took her out of the house.
I took a leisurely stroll from one shop to another in the mall. There’s really nothing I’ll buy. I just want to look around. But the final intention is only intentions. Only four of the stores I have entered have two bags of groceries.
All went well when baby fa fell asleep in my arms. But then when he woke up, he began to whine. Eventually, he cried loudly. Half panic, I took her to a special nursing room. I put him in a sleeping position there. Then I opened the diaper. And to my surprise, there are many red rashes around his crotch. That seemed to make him uncomfortable. Having never experienced anything like this, I am confused what to do.
Until then a friend told me about the diaper rash suffered by baby fa.
Here are recommended ways and I have tried on baby fa.
5 Ways to Overcome and Treat Baby Diaper Rash
1. Make sure the cleanliness of the diaper area.

Make sure to be clean of baby’s urine, stool (feces, dirt) and bacteria. Keep the parts affected by dry diaper rash, clean because if moist especially wet, the bacteria spread very quickly and diaper rash worse. If your baby takes out urine or dirt and you should immediately replace with a new diaper, try to clean urine and dirt with running water, do not rub the baby’s skin while cleaning the baby’s feces because it can cause the affected part of the rash more severe. Simply patted gently and gently, dried by gently tapping the affected skin with a soft cloth and make sure it is dry. Put a new diaper on first aired about 2 minutes.

2. Avoid using diapers of disposable diapers.
Use only if urgent and indispensable as traveling long distances, and try at home without diapers to get rash skin has space, drying, and blood flow to help speed the rash heal.
3. Change the brand of diapers
Change the type of diaper that is not good for baby’s skin. Try to use diapers made from soft without coloring and without other substances. Possible baby skin sensitive, easily irritated and allergic to certain types of diapers.


4. Use baby diaper rash ointment.
Lots of ointments and reams for special baby diaper rashes like Baby-dee, Myco-Z, Pigeon Baby Cream, Bepanthen, Switzal, Sebamed at the nearest pharmacy. Can also use wasp oil, heirloom jar ointment, coconut oil, virgin oil and olive oil.

5. Use Plain Yoghurt.
Plain Yoghurt contains acidophilus that is resistant to yeast infection and applies it to the area around the rash.

How To Quickly Eliminate Diaper Rash In Infants
If the rash does not heal after given the drug as above, then you can give the following treatment alternatives:

Use Oatmeal while bathing the baby. The way of mixing the Oatmeal


powder into the bath water, then baby bathing in it. The drug will effectively work against the baby’s rash.
Use Lavender oil, sandalwood oil, and Peppermint oil to be explained in the baby’s blisters.
Use aloe vera, use aloe vera gel and apply directly to the baby’s rash.
If the diaper rash gets worse, the rash spreads to the


arms, neck and other parts of the baby’s body and shows symptoms of blisters, spots and festering, then the parents should bring to the doctor. Usually, doctors will prescribe antifungal ointments that contain Clotrimazole and Fungiderm substances that function to combat fungus.

First Menstruation

Some time ago, our first daughter Nay complained of pain in her stomach. At that moment he just lay down holding his stomach. I was a bit worried but tried to calm down. While persuading her to be patient, I promised her to see the doctor this afternoon.
Until daytime he went into the bathroom to urinate, he screamed while crying. Nay says there’s blood in his underwear. It was then that I realized my daughter had just gotten her first period. My beautiful girl is growing up.
it is important for parents, especially mothers to provide a clear understanding of menstruation so that young women are better prepared and confident when it comes to menstruation for the first time.
For those of you who have never experienced menstruation, pay close attention to what should be prepared when the menstrual cycle begins to visit.
5 Signs that Spawn during First Menstruation
In general, girls will experience first menstruation at the age of 11-14 years although it can happen before or after that age, depending on the maturity of the reproductive system and hormonal conditions.
For girls aged 10-11 years, should have gained an understanding of the signs or symptoms commonly experienced before menstruation, such as the following:
1. Physical signs of menstruation
Some of the physical signs that are commonly experienced before menstruation include enlarged breasts and the growth of fur around the organs of femininity.


This condition can serve as an early sign of menstruation that will be experienced by girls.
Usually, such physical signs are experienced about 2 years before menstruation first.
2. The emergence of mucus
In general, breast enlargement in female children is also accompanied by the emergence of mucus from female organs, which occurs about 1 year or 6 months before experiencing the first menstruation.
3. Hormonal Changes
Hormonal changes commonly occur before menstruation, and this can be characterized by psychotic conditions that tend to be moody and emotional.
When you experience this, multiply the anticipation by knowing which hormones are influential during menstruation.
4. Lower Belly Pain
Before menstruation, a woman will experience pain in the lower abdomen as a result of uterine muscle contractions.
Sometimes the feeling of hurt is following with a sore on the waist and pelvic area.
Symptoms STDs are also often complained about before menstruation, although each woman may have different intensities.
PMS is often characterized by symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, headache, fatigue and tend to be emotional (read: Overcome STDs).
Tips on Facing Menstruation First for Young Women
After knowing the signs that occur before the menstruation, then you should do some preparation when the new menstrual cycle begins, including are as follows:
1. Prepare Bandages
The first period of menstruation can occur at any time with pre-existing symptoms and is very likely to occur when young women are in school.
Therefore the first preparation step that must be done is to prepare the pads for the purposes of menstruation.
For this purpose, it is advisable to prepare a high absorption bandage in anticipation to avoid penetrating if menstrual blood comes out a lot.
Also, make sure to bring back the pads for replacement so that you can immediately replace the pads if the volume of blood that comes out a lot.
2. Prepare Replace Clothing
If menstruation comes suddenly unnoticed causing blood stains on the skirt, it is important for a young woman to bring a change of clothes both underwear and skirt in anticipation if experiencing it.
Make sure also used underwear made of cotton that absorbs sweat so it is not moist and comfortable to use.
3. Do not panic
If it turns out menstruation comes suddenly and there are friends who tell you little blood stains on the skirt, then no need to panic with the reprimand.

Immediately to the bathroom and use a dressing and replace the skirt with a pre-prepared.
4. Limit Physical Activity
If menstruation comes for the first time, it should avoid physical activity or heavy exercise.
It is also important to compensate for adequate rest, multiply the foods with balanced nutrition and multiply consume enough water in order to avoid dehydration.
5. Keep the Organs Clean
Make sure to always replace the pads at least every 3-4 hours, especially when the menstrual blood that comes out is a lot.
And do not forget to wash the female organs the right way, with the direction from front to back and immediately dry in the same direction so as not to damp.
Those are some of the first menstrual tips for young women.

Baby Jaundice

Do not panic if your doctor says your newborn is suffering from jaundice. Jaundice in newborns is a common condition. In a newborn, I do not think it works, can not bilirubin effectively. Bilirubin can form faster than the liver that can break it and the intestines can fit in the stool. Other times, babies urinate too much, give time to the intestine to reabsorb bilirubin. And the usual cases of bilirubin in the cells are released into the bloodstream, make too much with bilirubin and the cause of the buildup of bilirubin in the blood. One of these scenarios can cause jaundice.

As for the symptoms is Baby’s skin will develop with a yellowish color and he will look like sunbathing. Black babies will have a white color to the whites of their eyes. In certain cases, the baby can look very yellow very quickly! Infants with certain blood types (O-negative, O-positive, A-negative, B-negative, and AB-negative) typically have the type of blood they see when the anemic hemolytic anemia is much higher. Yellow discoloration of the skin and white eyes is a major symptom of jaundice. Your baby may also be more sleepy than usual.

Monitor your baby after 1 or 2 days of birth. You can diagnose jaundice in newborns by performing very simple tests. You want to go to the forehead or tip of your baby’s nose. If it appears white, you need not worry. If the yellowish color appears, it is time. Blood tests may be needed to ensure there is no specific cause for jaundice.

The cause of jaundice is an increase in bilirubin, a yellow pigment that naturally occurs in the body. Bilirubin is a common waste product. In the womb, the placenta does a proper waste job from the body. But after delivery, the liver secretes bilirubin from the blood while the intestine is excess bilirubin in the stool. Babies with high levels of chemical bilirubin in the blood and it may take around weeks for the liver to destroy it. Babies will not suffer any pain or discomfort due to this condition.

How to Tackle
Sun exposure will help break down the chemicals. If you are still in the hospital, the baby will be placed under a bright fluorescent light for certain; A few days of this treatment is enough and the yellowish tinge will fade. Sunbath mini maybe you may be asked to insert a crib near the window that gets maximum sunlight. Make sure you protect your baby’s eyes and positive direct sun exposure. Follow the exercises from your nanny.

If you’re at home, place as many babies during the day as possible (without clothes) – but be careful not to expose the baby to direct sunlight because he can suffer from sunburn.
Breastfeeding will also help make chemicals faster. The normal physiological jaundice in your baby does not need special care. A very important fluid intake. Breasts feed your baby according to 8-12 times a day.

When bilirubin is raised as it is released from cells into the bloodstream, this is usually a consequence of the destruction or death of red blood cells. All red blood cells age and die; it is a normal process. When this happens, the cells are split by the spleen. They release substances that have been stored in them, including bilirubin. About 1 percent of all red blood cells die every day, and after the first week of life, the body is equipped for this. In newborns, however, up to 5 or even 10 percent of red blood cells can be opened daily.
This thing happens when baby and mother have a different blood type. A mother can form antibodies against her baby’s blood, and these antibodies can cope against the baby, “attacking” it as foreign. This reaction is called Coombs’s positive hemolytic anemia. This is very important for high blood and high bilirubin released into the bloodstream. Since the liver is already working slowly, it takes a long time to remove all of this bilirubin from the blood.
If the symptoms persist after two weeks, it may be a sign of other complications and you should be with your doctor.