What is a Colic?
colic in infants is defined as a condition in which infants under four months of age often cry for more than three hours a day. No one knows why colic happens, and this is not life-threatening. Colic in infants is a painful condition and parents are often helpless when attacking. During a colic attack, the baby will cry incessantly and often cry out in pain. The baby colic may appear without warning that causes the baby to cry in pain and then disappear as soon as it appears.
Signs and symptoms
According to most children researchers, loosely defined as babies who cry for at least 3 hours, more than 3 days a week, for 3 weeks, but are healthy and feed well. It usually begins in infants aged about two weeks, and usually disappears after three or four months.
For babies suffering from colic, there is no comfort that comforts the child. Baby colic cannot be comforted. This can frighten and frustrate parents who consistently entertain their screaming baby, without knowing why the child is crying.
Most babies who suffer from colic have set the time to do fussing. They usually start in the afternoon or late afternoon and continue until the morning. Colic is sometimes described as an episode of uncontrollable cries lasting more than three hours and starting at a relatively simultaneous time each day.
Colicky infants generally tend to bend their backs, tighten their abdominal muscles, and clench their hands. Often, the baby will pass a large amount of gas or have a bowel movement at the end of the episode. Experts generally disagree on colic-causing gases in infants but can be an indicator.
No one knows exactly what causes colic. Doctors have several theories about what causes colicky babies. The most popular theory is that the child has swallowed air along with mother’s milk or bottle-feeding. Drinking too fast or in a gulp causes air into the baby’s stomach causing abdominal pain, so the baby becomes colic. Another theory he believes in is that babies are breastfed and the mother eats many gassy foods such as orange juice, vegetables, such as onions and cabbage, apples, plums, spicy foods and caffeine products such as cola, chocolate, and Tea, the baby will get results same through breast milk. The third theory is that babies have an immature nervous system that is unable to cope with all the intense new stimuli of new life events. As time passes, stress overcomes them and they cry for hours.
In general, usually partly caused by the baby’s digestive system is not fully adapted to food is to eat or a variety of bacteria that are outside the womb. The condition is also caused by gas, hormones, or hypersensitivity to the environment, or infant adjustment to the newborn period.
How to overcome
In most cases, the baby’s colic will disappear within three months. But we can alleviate the pain in the following ways.
1. Hold your baby and place it in your hands.
2. Take the baby for a ride.
3. Bring the baby into a sling or take it for a train.
4. Try turning on the fan or vacuum, use it as white noise
5. Try using a pacifier.
6. Give the baby a warm bath.
7. Try to burp the baby.
8. Use Simethicone drops to reduce the pain in the baby.
9. If you are a mother, and you are breastfeeding, change your diet to see if you are eating a food that produces gas. The baby will receive this food through your breast milk.
If you decide to take it to a doctor, Depending on the results of your baby’s examination, your pediatrician will devise a special treatment plan to help you alleviate the pain of the baby and soothe their fuss. Usually, new parents have to try different options, one by one and a few days, to see if the treatment works and the condition are reduced.
In general, your doctor will suggest intervening by making changes to your baby’s feeding routine, either with soy or lactose-free formulas or avoiding certain foods. Your doctor may suggest making changes to your baby’s environment through swaddling, using a white noise machine, or using other tools to calm him down