Caring for a premature baby may require more effort than babies born with normal weight. For example, some of the premature infants require hospital care before being allowed to be admitted home. Premature babies are usually allowed out of hospital care if they have been able to receive breast milk or formula feeding without the help of a nasogastric tube, stable weight gain, and a stable body temperature in regular air.
Perform 5 Steps to Take Care of This Premature Baby
Nutritional needs in premature infants is one that must be considered. Premature babies usually need more nutrients to grow as healthy as other babies. Until the age of the baby reaches two years, he may not grow as fast as a baby with normal weight.
In addition, there are also some medical problems that can be experienced premature babies, namely:
Respiratory problems, so it may require additional oxygen or mechanical ventilator.
Sleep apnea, or breathing pause when sleeping. When this causes a heart rate disorder of a baby or baby to appear blue, the baby may have to be hospitalized
The risk of infection, especially due to the virus.
A good premature baby care step can help the baby to grow and develop healthily. Here are some steps you can apply.
Become a kangaroo mama!
Kangaroo care is that you hold your baby by putting the baby into your shirt or using a special sling to get your skin touched directly with the baby’s skin. Do this happily and do not be afraid of hurting your baby. The baby will know the scent of your body, touch, and the rhythm of your breath. In the end, he will always enjoy the closeness with you. The benefits of kangaroo care include:
Keeping the baby’s body warm
Helps regulate baby’s heart and breathing.
Helps calm the baby so that the frequency of crying can be reduced.
Create opportunities for babies to sleep more soundly.
Have a better chance of being able to breastfeed because kangaroo treatments can increase mother’s milk production.
Build Mother’s confidence because she feels giving the best care for the baby and can improve baby’s health.
Mother can perform kangaroo treatments as soon as the baby is born. However, there are also some hospitals that have policies to delay kangaroo care until the baby’s health condition is more stable.
Notice the sleeping position
Make sure the baby is sleeping on his back, not tilted, or on his stomach. It aims to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome that is more common in premature infants than in infants born on time.
A mother may often be awake at night until six months after the date of delivery should be. This is because premature babies usually sleep more often than other babies, but with a shorter duration.
Keep your baby away from a sick person
Protect the baby from the risk of contracting the virus by people around him, whether from family members, friends, or visiting relatives. Also, keep babies away from public areas that are closed for at least the first two years. Exposure to motor vehicle fumes, smoke burning garbage, including cigarette smoke is mandatory to be avoided because the lungs of premature infants have not been perfect.
Immunization or vaccine
This step required the beloved Fruit of the Heart to protect it from a serious illness. Basically, the premature baby immunization schedule is the same as the schedule for a normal born baby. The only difference is in hepatitis B vaccine.
Doctors may also recommend giving the flu vaccine to premature babies when they reach the age of six months. Equally important, family members may also need to get a flu shot to prevent influenza infections in premature infants at home. Consult your doctor about appropriate precautions first.
Pay attention to baby feeding schedule
Initially, most premature infants need to be breastfed as much as 8-10 times a day. Avoid giving pause from breastfeeding to breastfeeding for more than four hours to prevent the baby from getting dehydrated or fluid. When the baby is breastfeeding enough, one of the signs can be seen from infants who urinate as much as 6-8 times a day.
If the baby often spits after feeding, do not panic because it is normal as long as his weight is not reduced. If the premature baby’s weight is reduced, consult her physician.
Most doctors recommend giving intake of solid foods to premature infants since they are 4-6 months of age after their supposed birth. Do not force solid foods because premature babies take longer to be able to swallow.